The Cilento National Park, Vallo di Diano and Alburni is established in 1991, while in 1995 it set up the agency for its management. The protected area of ​​about 36,000 hectares, entirely within the province of Salerno, was subsequently extended to bring its surface to 181048 hectares. It corresponds today to the southern part of the province, between the Sele plain north, Basilicata to the east and south and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the West. Includes, in whole or in part, the territories of 8 mountain communities and 80 municipalities.

Since 1998 World Heritage Site (with the archaeological sites of Paestum, Velia and the Certosa di Padula). Since 1997 he is a biosphere reserve and since 2010 is the first Italian national park to become Geopark. The park headquarters is in Vallo della Lucania.


In February 2011, also became the first national park to have a library digitized, with the networking and multimedia products of twenty thousand volumes of the library of the park "Giambattista Vico" Vatolla.

Fauna -

The extensive territory of the park offers a great diversity of animal species environments. They should not therefore surprising richness and variety of specimens present: the only species of Community interest surveys have identified 63. Some of these are considered to be of priority interest: are Osmoderma Hermit and Rosalia Alpina, invertebrates, and among vertebrates, the Wolf. More generally, there are approximately 600 to 2003 records of species.

Among mammals the most interesting are the Tailed Bat (Molosso di Cestoni), the Wolf and the Otter, then the Hare Apennine, the Savi, a small rodent prey to Volpe and Marten as the Vole Reddish, or the Wild Mouse and the Mouse from Neck yellow, or even as the Mouse Quercino. These are also the prey of the Wildcat, whose presence is another emergency nature of great interest. Not uncommon is the Dormouse. Very numerous are the Wild Boars and Deer are also present.

Besides the Tailed Bat (Molosso di Cestoni), there are many species of bats, including Miniottero, Vespertilio Maggiore, Vespertilio of Capaccini and Vespertilio of Blyth.

Among the birds are widespread birds of prey such as the Golden Eagle, the Biancone, the Peregrine Falcon, the Lanner, the Raven, the Eagle Owl. Of great interest is the presence of Astore. Always among the raptors, Honey Buzzard, Black Kite, Red Kite. Among the birds in general, municipalities are the Black Woodpecker, Nuthatch and the Woodlark, the Nightjar, the Tawny Pipit and the Lesser Grey Shrike, the Jay Marina, the Flycatcher Collar and Near Watercourses, the Martin Fisherman, the Dipper and the Little Courier. Finally, information should be a core wintering of rare Seagull Corso.

Among the reptiles are the Cervone, the Sand Lizard, the Viper and the Natrix. Amphibians also live in the cold waters such as the rare Salamander Glasses, italian endemism and the most common Salamander, then the Triton Italian, the Yellow-Bellied Toad, the Apennine FrogFrog Nimble, and Toad. The hydrography, moreover, is varied and complex. Are reported most of the Cyprinidae of community interest, as the Barbo, not native, the Alburnus Albidus and Varro, then Odonato and, at the mouth of the Mingardo, the Nono.

Finally, among the invertebrates Rosalia Alpina, Oxygastra Curtisii, Cucujus Cinnaberinus, Osmoderma Eremita.

Flora -

In the park we were surveyed about 1,800 plant species, one of Community interest, the Primula Palinuri, and 25 habitats. Being at the center of the Mediterranean between areal different climates and temperatures, also the presence of certain species elsewhere is common, in this case, worthy of mention. In fact coexist in the Park: Birches, White Fir and Bosso.

Of particular interest is the vegetation of coastal cliffs. It includes among others the rare Sea Lily; in direct contact with the sea lives endemic Statice Salernitana, while living on the cliffs of the Cowslip PalinuroCarnation of the Cliffs, the Centaurea, the Candytuft Florida, the Neapolitan Campanula. In 2011 it was also discovered the presence, along the cliffs of Palinuro, copies Bassia Saxicola, a bushy plant extremely rare and it had previously found to be present only in enclaves on the islands of Ischia and Stromboli.

In the coastal strip between Palinuro and Montecorice, with a very limited areal distribution point, at conglomerates and rocky outcrops and scree xerothermic limestone and ultra-basic, have been identified stations an exclusive endemism of Cilento, the Genista Cilentina.

The Gariga ad Ampelodesma is populating most common in the coastal strip, up to 700 meters. Broom present, Phoenician Juniper, Cistus of MontpellierBroom of Cilento (Genista Cilentina), with the ubiquitous Mastic Shrub and Sparzio Villoso. Also in the bush, the presence of Corbezzolo Shrub, Heather, Myrtle, Elah, Cistus of Montpellier. Where is survived anthropization even forests Oak Spinosa, Carob and Wild Olivo and, here and there, rarely, Palms Nane. Finally, it points out the site of Community of Pinewood S. Iconium, wreck of woods certainly more extensive Aleppo Pine (today again in expansion because often used in reforestation).

 

Inland areas predominate Deciduous Hardwood forests, Oak Woods, Cerri, Oak Trees, Maples, the Platanus Orientalis native of Velia, Carpini Blacks, Manna-Ash and Chestnut. Above 1,000 meters, usually preceded by a band of Neapolitan Alder dominates unchallenged the Beech, with the rare Barberry Etna and Saxifrage.

In rocky environment, in ecological conditions really "extreme", there was a rare endemic to distribution point, the Cicely of Lucania (Portenschlagiella Ramosissima), species casmofita reported in some isolated stations as places Limbida, the limestone walls of the western Mount Bulgheria, not far from Palinuro and the limestone cliffs at the gorge Sammaro between Sacco and Roscigno.

Moreover, in the protected area of the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano are 254 species of Wild Orchids of 319 reported across Europe and the Mediterranean basin.

Geography -

The geology of the Park is marked by the presence of two types of rock predominant: the "Flysch of Cilento", rich in colors and layers, which can be found at the catchment dell'Alento and on the north coast and the Limestone, full of cavities karst mountain ranges of its interior (Sapwood-Cervati) and southern part of the territory covered by the Park.

The orographic profile is marked everywhere, often harsh. Few and poor in extension are the flat areas, mostly at the main rivers, the Alento on the coast and the Tanagro in Vallo di Diano. Other rivers of the park have torrential course and nervous, as the Mingardo, the Bussento and the Calore, a tributary of the Sele in North Park, which is home to only tormented the upper (Gorges of Calore). The most important mountains are: Cervati (1898 m), Alburni (1742 m), Gelbison, said Holy Mountain (1705 m), Motola (1700 m), Mountain Centaurino (1433 m), Cocuzzo (1411 m), Bulgheria (1,224 m), Stella (1131 m). The coast is low and sandy from Sele to Agropoli, and then on the coast between Casal Velino and Ascea; elsewhere, it is high and rocky, often riddled with impressive caves and coves.

The beach of Mezzatorre of San Mauro Cilento / Acciaroli of Pollica, for decades been awarded the blue flag and the five sails of Legambiente, in 2011 was ranked first among the most beautiful in Italy: thanks to the golden sand beaches, the clear and unpolluted sea, a well-organized structures is also known as "The Pearl of the Cilento".

Archaeological Sites-

  • Archaeological area of Marina di Camerota.
  • Archaeological area of Mountain Pruno - Roscigno.
  • Archaeological area of Paestum - Capaccio.
  • Archaeological area of Elea-Velia - Ascea.
  • Archaeological area Moio della Civitella (Phrourion Eleate).

Luoghi turistici da visitare -

  • Archaeological area of Paestum in the Town of Capaccio.
  • Archaeological area of Elea-Velia in the Town of Ascea.
  • Marine Protected Area Santa Maria di Castellabate in the Town of Castellabate.
  • Old Town and the Medieval Town of Camerota.
  • Marine protected area Costa Infreschi and Masseta in the Municipality of Camerota and San Giovanni a Piro.
  • Marone Library in the Municipality of Monte San Giacomo.
  • Medieval Village of Castellabate.
  • Waterfalls "Hair of Venus" in the Municipality of Casaletto Spartano.
  • Old Town of Castel San Lorenzo.
  • The Old Town of Teggiano in the Municipality of Teggiano.
  • Old Town and Overview of Chestnut Trees in the Municipality of Roccadaspide.
  • Certosa di Padula in the City of Padula.
  • Benedictine Monastery in the Town of Bellosguardo.
  • Cilento Coast.
  • Gorges of the Calore in the Town of Felitto.
  • Cave of the Angel in the Town of Sant'Angelo a Fasanella.
  • Caves of Cape Palinuro in the Town Centola.
  • Castelcivita Caves in the Municipality of Castelcivita.
  • Island Licosa in the Town of Castellabate.
  • Our Lady of the Snows in the Municipalities of Monte San Giacomo, Piaggine and Sanza.
  • Monte Cervati in the Municipalities of Monte San Giacomo, Piaggine and Sanza.
  • Old Roscigno in the Municipalities of Roscigno.
  • Eucharistic Shrine in the Town of San Mauro La Bruca.
  • Sanctuary of the Our Lady of Sacred Mountain of Novi Velia.
  • Sources of the River Sammaro between the towns of Roscigno and Sacco.
  • WWF Oasis in the City of Morigerati, with its caves where the Bussento River rises.
  • The Medieval Village of San Severino of Centola.
  • Old Town and the panoramic "Terrace of Cilento" in the Municipality of Trentinara.

Museums present -

  • Civic Museum in Camerota, in San Nicola square.
  • Museum Vallicelli in Monte San Giacomo.
  • Living Museum of the Sea in Pioppi, a hamlet of Pollica.
  • Museum of the "Rural Life" in Roscigno Vecchio.
  • Museum of Sacred Art of Castellabate.
  • Museum of Sacred Art in New Roscigno, in Europa Square.
  • Naturalistic Museum in Corleto Monforte.
  • Provincial Archaeological Museum of Western Lucania in Padula.
  • National Archaeological Museum in Paestum Capaccio.
  • Museum of Rural Life and Crafts Local, at the junior high school of Castel San Lorenzo.
  • Museum of Rural Life in Vatolla.
  • Museum Vichiano in Vatolla.
  • Antiquarian and Laboratory of archeology on the excavations of Monte Pruno New Roscigno, in Silvio Resciniti Square.
  • Diocesan Museum of Sacred Art in Vallo della Lucania.
  • Paleontological Museum of the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano in Magliano Vetere.
  • Ethnographic Museum in Morigerati.
  • Museum "Eleousa" of Socio-Religious History of Cilento Antico in San Mauro Cilento. 

Access -

The Park is easily accessible from major neighboring Municipalities, Capaccio or Sapri for Cilento, Sala Consilina and Monte San Giacomo for the Vallo di Diano.

Given the scale, however, it's preferable to access it from different points, depending on the chosen destination.

Municipalities -

Agropoli, Aquara, Ascea, Auletta, Bellosguardo, Buonabitacolo, Camerota, Campora, Cannalonga, Capaccio, Casalbuono, Casal Velino, Casaletto Spartano, Caselle in Pittari, Castel San Lorenzo, Castelcivita, Castellabate, Castelnuovo Cilento, Celle di Bulgheria, Centola, Ceraso, Cicerale, Controne, Corleto Monforte, Cuccaro Vetere, Felitto, Futani, Gioi, Giungano, Laureana Cilento, Laurino, Laurito, Lustra, Magliano Vetere, Moio della Civitella, Montano Antilia, Montecorice, Monteforte Cilento, Monte San Giacomo, Montesano sulla Marcellana, Morigerati, Novi Velia, Omignano, Orria, Ottati, Perdifumo, Perito, Petina, Piaggine, Pisciotta, Polla, Pollica, Postiglione, Roccadaspide, Roccagloriosa, Rofrano, Roscigno, Sacco, Salento, San Giovanni a Piro, San Mauro Cilento, San Mauro La Bruca, San Pietro al Tanagro, San Rufo, Sant'Angelo a Fasanella, Sant'Arsenio, Sanza, Sassano, Serramezzana, Sessa Cilento, Sicignano degli Alburni, Stella Cilento, Stio, Teggiano, Torre Orsaia, Tortorella, Trentinara, Vallo della Lucania, Valle dell'Angelo.

Fonte Wikipedia - The Cilento National Park

 

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